This is a complete fishing guide for beginners and intermidiates. it includes a plenty of fishing proven tips and techniques by experts.
These days it seems like life happens mostly indoors. With all the desk jobs and video games out there, it can be easy to forget to take a breath of fresh air every now and again. What’s more, after all the work and school, even when you have the time, it’s exhausting to go on a long hike or put together a longer trip.
This is why taking a weekend to spend a few hours fishing is a spectacular way to relax and enjoy the outdoors at the same time. Sitting back with a fishing pole and a picnic and just forgetting the rest of the world for a while can be the best way to bring a little life back into the humdrum of daily life.
However, fishing is most fun when you already know the ins and outs of how to fish! If you’re just getting started fishing, you can find fishing guides in your local library, but this short fishing guide will tell you a few of the most useful fishing tips for anyone wanting to know the basics of learning how to fish.
- Fishing tips: What you’ll need
- Fishing tips: Understanding your equipment
- Fishing tips: How to use your equipment
- Fishing tips: How to fish Step by Step?
- Fishing tips: What to do with the fish ?
- Extra fishing tips: Knots
Fishing tips: What you’ll need
When getting started with any new field, it’s important to have all the necessary equipment. The same is true of learning how to fish. Here is a quick checklist to use as a fishing guide while you get your tools together:
Fishing rod and reel. It’s good to chose something that is easy to work with and light, especially when learning how to fish.
Line. Be sure you have enough line to spare, and keep it on a spool while you’re not using it, as any fishing guide will tell you that tangles can happen quickly, but can be impossible to get rid of.
Tackle box. A tackle box has all the necessary pieces the end of the line requires. These can often be bought as a box set, but you can also put together your own set with the following pieces:
- lures (artificial bait)
- sinkers (weights that help the casting of the hook and help it sink under the surface)
- bobbers (buoyant pieces that keep the hook from sinking all the way to the bottom)
If possible, live bait, such as worms, grasshoppers or maggots. These can be found in a fishing outlet of some kind, or you can search for worms in your own back yard. You can also use kitchen scraps (cheese, dough balls, chicken, etc) as bait. Consult a fishing guide for more ideas if you’d like more variety!
Outdoor equipment, such as a hat, sunscreen, snacks, drinking water and rain gear are also good to have.
Fishing tips: Understanding your equipment
A fishing reel is a simple device when you look at it from afar, but when you look at it up close, you might get a little lost. Don’t worry! The reel is actually just as simple as you think it is. In this fishing guide you can see the main parts:
Reel: The bottom part of the fishing rod, just above the grip.
- This is the part of the rod that contains the extra line, wrapped around the center cylinder, known as the spool.
- It comes with a handle that allows you to pull the line back in. It also has a small latch-like arm called a bail that allows you to stop the line from coming out any further.
- This can sometimes be accompanied by a drag nob, which allows a little line to come out at a speed you can adjust.
- The line goes from the spool to the rod through the line roller.
Rod: The longer, more flexible part of the fishing rod.
- It has a very thin rod tip that helps you identify when you have caught a fish, as it bends when the line is pulled.
- The line is led to the rod tip through guides, little loops that are spaced evenly along the rod.
Fishing tips: How to use your equipment
Once you have all the necessary pieces, the next step is to figure out how to use it. This can be a bit of a process when you’re first getting into it, but the following fishing tips will help you get a picture of how to get started.
Get your fishing trip organized
- Choose a good place to go fishing: Most places will have a good place to go fishing nearby. If you don’t already know where to get started, you can look up places nearby. Look for places that aren’t too crowded and with still, clean water.
- Choose a good day to go: Set aside enough time that you can relax while fishing. Leave a whole day if possible or several hours. Fishing is no fun when rushed! Many places will also have a fishing guide that tells you what time of the day it’s best to go fishing.
- Check the weather: Try to find a day that’s sunny and comfortably warm. Check the weather forecasts when planning the day.
Get a fishing license
Check to see what the regulations are in your state. The Department of Natural Resources website is a good place to start looking. Fishing licenses usually come with a small fee, but they are easy enough to take care of. If you live near a nature reserve, see if they have fishing guides or pamphlets explaining how to do this.
Set up the reel
- Often you must first connect the reel to the rod. There is a small foot at the top of the reel that attaches just above the handle. This must be secured tight enough that the reel cannot be jiggled out of place.
- Tie line onto the spool with a simple knot. One loop is enough for this step, as long as the line is secured. Check that the bail is open, or you will not be able to get to the spool to do this. If there is lose line at the end of the knot, make sure it is at most a quarter inch long, or it could get caught.
- Close the bail while winding the line onto the spool. Do this by turning the handle until all the line is wrapped onto the spool. Keep the line far from the reel during this step! The line can get easily tangled otherwise.
Set up the rod
- Grab the end of the line and open the bail while holding it. This will allow you to tug this line out slowly.
- Push the line through the guides. Do not leave out any of them, just thread it through all the way to the rod tip.
Tie the hook
- There are many knots that work well for this step. In the next sections, you can see a few of the most common and simplest ones. You can chose whichever you’re most comfortable with.
- Slip the line through the hole on the top of the hook. Tie it securely. Leave a fourth inch of loose line after the knot.
- Attach the sinker, bobber and/or lure. Slide the bait onto the hook so that it is not likely to slide off anymore.
If any of these steps are confusing, check out some fishing videos and fishing guides. These will have more detailed pictures.
Fishing tips: How to fish Step by Step?
There are plenty of fishing tips for beginners. They’re all pretty straightforward. The following is a handy fishing guide to get you started, but in the end, it’s all about getting a feel for it and doing what works for you!
Step #1: Pull back your arm to the side when casting, much like you are skipping stones. Swing it back with a flick of the wrist and cast the line in the direction you would like it to go.
Step #2: Be sure to take a look at your surroundings before doing this! It is very easy to get your hook caught in a tree or bush but very hard to get it out.
Step #3: Try to flick it straight and fast so that the line goes straight out to slightly deeper waters. This will keep it from getting pushed back out to shore and is usually much more likely to have more fish. If you’re unsure of the motions, look at a few fishing videos to get the hang of it. Once you’ve tried it out, you can look up fishing tips to make it smoother.
Step #4: Once your line is cast you only need to wait until the fish bite. Either leave the hook in the water and wait patiently, or start to pull it back very slowly. You want to give the fish time to bite while also giving them the illusion that the lure and bait are moving.
Step #5: Wait at least 10-15 minutes before recasting if the fish don’t bite. The fish might take a while to brave an attempt at the bait.
Step #6: Try to keep as still and quiet so you don’t spook the fish. Enjoy the peaceful sounds of nature!
Step #7: You can tell that a fish is biting by the movement of the bobber. It will probably jerk once or twice when a fish is biting. For bigger fish, you might also see the rod tip jerk. Practice will help you determine when you’ve gotten a fish to bite.
Step #8: Reel the fish in quickly. Before you pull it in, give the rod a sharp backwards tug to get the hook in firmly. Then pull it in with the handle of the reel, lifting the rod vertically.
Step #9: Keep the fish in a net, cooler or other container while you pull the hook out. Be careful with the possible sharp ridges on the fish’s back.
Fishing tips: What to do with the fish ?
Once you’ve caught a fish, you’ll need to decide what to do with it. For this, it’s important to know what kinds of fish there are in your area, either by asking around or finding a local fishing guide of some kind.
In general, there are three things you can catch fish for:
- Trophy fishing. Ask around if there are any special species of fish in your area.
- Fishing for eating. This is best in clean water.
- Catch and release. This is a method of fishing where the fish is let back into the water after you catch it. If this is your plan, use an unbarbed hook and release it without lifting out of the water, possibly after taking a picture.
If you don’t release the fish, you should measure it. Check to see if your state has protections for fish of a certain weight, and if the fish falls into this category, then remove the hook carefully and put it back into the water.
For trophy fishing, take a picture and measure the length as well! The size of a fish is a great way to boast about your catch!
Make sure you look up how to clean a fish properly. Many fishing guides have detailed instructions. This will help you remove bones, scales and innards properly. This is also best to see in a few fishing videos before trying it.
Extra fishing tips: Knots
Knots can be fairly hard to get a hang of. Be sure to find instructions that come with pictures, as they can help quite a bit in following a fishing guide correctly. Some fishing videos will also come with video footage of tying a knot. A few of the most common knots used in fishing are:
- Palomar knot. This is also known as a “simple fishing knot.” It’s easy to get a hang of. It’s not as secure as some knots, to if you’re fishing for bigger game or in faster water, chose a steady knot. For most who are just learning how to fish, however, the Palomar knot is just fine.
- Hangman’s knot. This is a knot that does well in a multitude of situations. It’s also still easy enough to learn. It is slightly more complicated than the previous knot, but it’s quite reliable. It is best for thinner lines.
- Clinch knot. This is also a very common fishing knot, as it is simple but very sturdy.
Hopefully this fishing guide has helped you feel ready to get out there and try your hand at fishing!
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